5 common types of periodontal diseases
Periodontal disease or gum disease is a progressive infection, which affects the supporting and surrounding tissues of the gums as well as the underlying jaw bone. It can lead to acute pain and sensitivity, ultimately leading to loss of teeth. However, damage can be prevented with timely intervention by a dentist who would recommend the most effective gum disease remedies.
Here are a few common types of periodontal disease you should know about.
- Gingivitis: The mildest and most common form of periodontitis, this occurs due to the presence of toxins in plaque. Simple gum disease remedies such as regular brushing and cleaning of mouth at home or going to the dentist can cure gingivitis.
- Chronic periodontal disease: It is a common gum disease and mostly occurs in people over 45 years of age. There is inflammation below the gum line, which leads to the destruction of the gingival and bone tissues. With this disease, it may appear that the teeth are gradually growing in length but what happens is that the gums recede or deteriorate and make teeth appear longer. Chronic gum disease remedies are not simple treatments and often require scaling and root canal procedures along with anti microbial treatment as recommended by a dentist.
- Aggressive periodontal disease: This includes rapid gum loss and is common in smokers and those with strong family history of gum disease. Various surgical interventions are the only gum disease remedies available in such cases. So with this disease, it is important to have regular checkups with the dentist.
- Periodontal disease relating to systemic conditions: At times, heart disease, diabetes, and certain lung diseases may also lead to degeneration of gums. It is important that along with recommending gum disease remedies, a dentist investigates the possibility of other health conditions by referring the patient to appropriate doctors so that the disease can be properly treated.
- Necrotizing periodontal disease: People suffering from HIV, immunosuppression, malnutrition, chronic stress, and even smokers are affected by the death of gum tissues, and the infection can spread to the alveolar bone (holds tooth sockets). Though it is rare, treatment is possible only with extensive dental treatments.
To avoid resorting to severe gum disease remedies, it is always better to adopt a healthy oral care routine from an early age.