The bladder holds urine produced by the body. Bladder cancer, as the name suggests, originates in the bladder and affects the tissues of the organ. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) states that around 45,000 men and 17,000 women are diagnosed with this condition each year. Bladder cancer starts when the carcinogens affect the cells present in the inner lining of the bladder. These cells are also called urothel. . .